By the year 2030, an estimated 79.4 million people in India will be
affected by diabetes - the largest in the world, the Lok Sabha was
In a written reply, Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad agreed that
international health bodies have cautioned that India may have the
largest number of diabetic patients in the world by the next two
As per the World Health Organisation (WHO), prevalence of diabetes
in India is estimated to reach 79.4 million by 2030.
He said keeping in mind the rise of diabetes in India, the
government has approved a National Programme for Prevention and
Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke at an
estimated outlay of Rs.1,230.90 crore for the 11th Five Year Plan.
"The programme focuses on health promotions, capacity building,
including human resources, early diagnosis and management and
integration with the primary healthcare system," he said.
He said the increase in diabetes could be due to urbanisation,
affluence and lifestyle changes, increasing prevalence of obesity
and physical inactivity. Other reasons include population ageing and
better availability of diagnostic facilities.
Azad also said that under the Indian system of medicine, diabetes
can be managed effectively through diet, medicines, yoga and