Follow us on
Welcome Guest! You are here: Home » Views & Analysis
Babri Masjid demolition case is not a matter for compromise

It is obvious to the meanest intelligence that it is impossible to prove that the birthplace of Lord Ram was under the Masjid — it may be a matter of faith, genuine or contrived or otherwise, but that is no proof, nor can it ever be put forward as a legal ground to take away the land from the mosque

Friday March 31, 2017 3:11 PM, Justice Rajinder Sachar,

Babri Masjid Demolition
[(L) Union Minister Uma Bharti hugging senior BJP leader Murli Manohar Joshi after demolition od Babri Masjid on December 6, 1992. (R) LK Advani and other BJP ledaers in a meeting (File Photo)]

The suggestion of Chief Justice of India to even act as a mediator in pending Babri Masjid demolition
case, showed his concern but was a little odd considering that it has come at the instance of an inter meddler, and without parties involved being before the Court. That is why it caused amongst the parties a certain concern. In my view Babri Masjid demolition case is not a matter for compromise. This case raises the deep constitutional concern regarding our constitution which clearly says India is a secular republic.

I was in Geneva attending U.N. Sub Human Rights Commission meeting when I was told the horrible news that came on TV that Babri Masjid had been demolished and saw the gory speckle of Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) hoodlums climbing the Masjid and breaking it down. BJP government Chief Minister Kalyan Singh's assurance to the Supreme Court that he will take full steps to prevent it were belied. The Supreme court by a majority just accepted his apology instead of sending him to jail for contempt of Court. But this was nothing compared to the ominous conspiracy of Congress Prime Minister Narasimha Rao, who suddenly became inaccessible to senior journalists, his Home Secretary and even his colleagues.

I am also ashamed to admit the unworthy role of complicity of the judiciary which inspite of the injunction having given since 1949 against public not to enter the area did not proceed against the public – even the higher judiciary did not intervene – rather turned a blind eye.

This was the time when the magnitude of danger should have been appreciated by all parties but was not. The battle for secularism should have been joined with a singular determination of nipping the cancer of communalism. But then nothing was done.

I then made a public statement: “Immediately the government should have announced December 6, as a ‘National Repentance Day’ when people will fast and pray for unity and welfare of all the communities”. But the non-BJP parties analyzed the situation as merely one of law and order, and thus acquiesced in this dastardly act.

Whatever the past history, all the parties let the matter go to Allahabad High court to give a decision. High Court has given a decision with which both parties are aggrieved. BJP is still insisting that it would build a temple at the site where Masjid undoubtedly stood for over 500 years.

Muslims cannot obviously agree to a shameful compromise on sanctity of the Masjid. The matter is already before the Supreme Court. It cannot run away from giving a decision which may not make everyone happy. But then it is their constitutional duty and it has no other alternative.

I cannot foretell the Supreme Court decision. But if past precedents are to prevail, then the case in favour of Muslims is invincible. I say this on the precedence of Shahidganj Masjid case (Lahore now in Pakistan) decided by the Privy Council in 1940.

The Supreme Court need not decide on merits whether Babri Masjid had been in existence where Ram Temple existed or not because that is of no consequence as it is not relevant to the decision of case. This is because even if was, there is no denying that Babri Masjid has been in existence since 500 years.

Now it is obvious to the meanest intelligence that it is impossible to prove that the birthplace of Lord Ram was under the Masjid — it may be a matter of faith, genuine or contrived or otherwise, but that is no proof, nor can it ever be put forward as a legal ground to take away the land from the mosque.

If the finding is that the Masjid was not built on the Ram birth place, then the Muslims get the land back and will be free to use it in any way, including building of the mosque.

Alternatively, even if it is held that there was a temple on the land of Babri Masjid, even with this finding the suit by the VHP/RSS has to be dismissed. Admittedly, Babri Masjid has been in existence for over 500 years till it was demolished by goons of the VHP/RSS in 1992. Legally speaking, even then the Sangh Parivar would have no right even if a temple had been demolished to build Babri Masjid.

I say this in view of the precedent of the case of Masjid Shahid Ganj in Lahore decided by the Privy Council in 1940. In that case there was admittedly a mosque existing since 1722 AD. But by 1762, the building came under Sikh rule and was used as a gurdwara. It was only in 1935 that a suit was filed claiming the building was a mosque and should be returned to the Muslims.

The Privy Council, while observing that “their Lordship have every sympathy with a religious sentiment which would ascribe sanctity and inviolability to a place of worship, they cannot under the Limitation Act accept the contentions that such a building cannot be possessed adversely”, went on to hold, "The property now in question having been possessed by Sikhs adversely to the waqf and to all interests there under for more than 12 years, the right of the mutawali (caretaker) to possession for the purposes of the waqf came to an end under the Limitation Act”.

On the same parity of reasoning even if a temple existed prior to the building of the Masjid 500 years ago, the suit by the Hindu outfits like Nirmal Akhara VHP/BJP etc has to fail.

There is another reason why in such a situation, the suit will fail because in common law, even a rightful heir, if he kills his ancestor, forfeits his right of inheritance. In the Masjid case too there was a “murder most foul” and hence the murderer cannot be allowed to take the benefit of his own dastardly deeds, whatever the factual position may be.

Of course it is the privilege of the Chief Justice of India to constitute the bench. May however one respectfully submit that it may be more reassuring if bench of seven judges or nine judges was to hear the appeal.

[Justice Rajindar Sachar is the former Chief Justice of the Delhi High Court. He was a member of United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Right.]



Share this page
More Headlines
If black money hoarders can get time to regularise, why not slaughterhouses, asks Asaduddin Owaisi
NATA April 2017 exam Admit Cards/Hall Tickets released online, Click here to download
NATA 2017: Admit Cards of Dubai candidates to be released on April 7 after they pay extra fee
NATA 2017: Admit Cards will be available for download shortly
Surprising: How religions are now taught at Jamia Millia Islamia?
Meat sellers on strike in Uttar Pradesh, Azam Khan demands closure of slaughterhouses across country
Thank you Indian Express for reporting Salman Hussaini Nadvi is on terror hit list, but he is not Shia
New research finds way for 'brain-like' computers
Masses do not think strategic when they go to vote
Earlier prime ministers used to be neutral, says BMAC Convenor
No hope of justice with Muslims when Modi, Yogi at helm: Babri Masjid Action Committee
New approach to diagnosing mental disorders
GATE 2017 website slows down after reports that results are declared a day in advance
India becomes third largest aviation market in domestic traffic
Prescription weight-loss drug helps with opiate addiction
Police firing in Gujarat town after communal violence; Two dead, 10 injured
Bikaner girl, aged 13, repeatedly raped by 08 teachers over one-and-a-half years
IPS officer, who alleged discrimination against Yadav cops by Adityanath Govt, suspended
Attack on Air India Staffer: Sena MP leaves train midway, untraceable
Xiaomi Mi 6 starting price Rs 19,000; Xiaomi Mi 6 Plus will be available for Rs 24,700: Report
Jinnah House is a symbol of partition, should be demolished: BJP MLA
People with type 2 diabetes who sit all day have riskier blood fat mixture
Aimed to protect female passengers, "Paxis" hit streets in Pakistan's Karachi
 Post Comments
Note: By posting your comments here you agree to the terms and conditions of