Mumbai: Universities in India suffered because of the government’s policy limiting foreign varsities from establishing branches and awarding degrees in the country, Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2018, released on Tuesday said as reported by scroll.in.
The policy also prevents universities from hiring international scholars for long-term faculty positions.
“It is disappointing that India has declined in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings amid increasing global competition,” said Editorial Director of the Times Higher Education Global Rankings Phil Baty.
“As leading universities in other Asian territories such as China, Hong Kong and Singapore are consistently rising up the rankings, in part thanks to high and sustained levels of funding, India’s flagship the Indian Institute of Science moves further away from the elite top 200.”
Baty said India’s overall research income and research quality had improved this year. He believes that India’s “world-class university plan...recognises the importance of investing in higher education, which may reverse India’s decline in the rankings in future years”.
A significant downgrade in the Times’ 2018 list is the Indian Institute of Science’s fall from the 201-250 band to the 251-300 one. India’s flagship institute declined in ranking because of a drop in its research influence score and research income.
Overall the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2018 has listed only 30 Indian universitiesamong world's top 1,000 varsities. The tally is 01 less than India's 2017 record.
Indian Institute of Science is followed by IIT Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur and Roorkee - India's premier engineering institutions. While IIT Bombay has been put in 351-400 band, the other IITs listed above have been placed in 501-600 band.
IITs are followed by Aligarh Muslim Univesity (AMU), Banaras Hindu University (BHU), University of Delhi, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Indian School of Mines, Jadavpur University, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Panjab University, Savitribai Phule Pune University and Tezpur University all placed in the 601-800 band.
The names of Indian universities placed in 801-1000 band are Amrita University, Andhra University, Annamalai University, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, University of Calcutta, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Jamia Millia Islamia, University of Kerala, Osmania University, Pondicherry University, Sri Venkateswara University, Thapar University and VIT University.
The United Kingdom is home to the top two institutions in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings for the first time in the 14-year history of the table.
The University of Oxford has held on to the number one spot for the second year in a row, while the University of Cambridge has jumped from fourth to second place.
Among other universities in Asia, King Abdulaziz University Jeddah in Saudi Arabia has been placed in 201-250 band whereas Alfaisal University, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals and King Saud University have found place in 501-600 band.
The Oxford University in the United Kingdom continued to top the World University Rankings, followed by the Cambridge University, also in the UK, and the California Institute of Technology in the United States.
"Cambridge’s rise comes at the expense of the California Institute of Technology, which was number one between 2012 and 2016, number two last year, and now shares third position with Stanford", the report said.
"One reason for the movement is that Cambridge’s research income and research quality improved this year, while Caltech and Stanford were hurt by drops to their PhD-to-bachelor’s ratios. Caltech also received a much more modest rise in its research income per academic staff member compared with the other three institutions", the report said.
"The US universities’ institutional income also dropped by 23 per cent and 24 per cent, respectively, while Cambridge and Oxford each received a boost in revenue (by 11 per cent and 24 per cent, respectively)", the report added.