[President Ram Nath Kovind, Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Speaker Lok Sabha, Smt. Sumitra Mahajan and Union Minister for Chemicals & Fertilizers and Parliamentary Affairs Ananth Kumar arrive at Parliament on beginning of Budget Session of Parliament, in New Delhi on January 29, 2018.]
New Delhi: A series of major reforms undertaken over the past year will allow real GDP growth to reach 6.75 percent this fiscal and will rise to 7.0 to 7.5 percent in 2018-19, thereby re-instating India as the world‘s fastest growing major economy.
This was stated in the Economic Survey 2017-18 tabled in Parliament on Monday by Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs Arun Jaitley. The survey said that the reform measures undertaken in 2017-18 can be strengthened further in 2018-19.
The survey underlines that due to the launch of transformational Goods and Services Tax (GST) reform on July 1, 2017, resolution of the long-festering Twin Balance Sheet (TBS) problem by sending the major stressed companies for resolution under the new Indian Bankruptcy Code, implementing a major recapitalization package to strengthen the public sector banks, further liberalization of FDI and the export uplift from the global recovery, the economy began to accelerate in the second half of the year and can clock 6.75 percent growth this year.
The survey also points out that as per the quarterly estimates; there was a reversal of the declining trend of GDP growth in the second quarter of 2017-18, led by the industry sector. The Gross Value Added (GVA) at constant basic prices is expected to grow at the rate of 6.1 per cent in 2017-18 as compared to 6.6 per cent in 2016-17.
Similarly, Agriculture, industry and services sectors are expected to grow at the rate of 2.1 per cent, 4.4 per cent, and 8.3 per cent respectively in 2017-18.
The survey adds that after remaining in negative territory for a couple of years, growth of exportsrebounded into positive one during 2016-17 and expected to grow faster in 2017-18.
However, due to higher expected increase in imports, net exports of goods and services are slated to decline in 2017-18.
Similarly, despite the robust economic growth, the savings and investment as a ratio of GDP generally declined.
The major reduction in investment rate occurred in 2013-14, although it declined in 2015-16 too. Within this the share of household sector declined, while that of private corporate sector increased.
The survey points out that India can be rated as among the best performing economies in the world as the average growth during last three years is around 4 percentage points higher than global growth and nearly 3 percentage points higher than that of Emerging Market and Developing Economies.
It points out that the GDP growth has averaged 7.3 per cent for the period from 2014-15 to 2017-18, which is the highest among the major economies of the world. That this growth has been achieved in a milieu of lower inflation, improved current account balance and notable reduction in the fiscal deficit to GDP ratio makes it all the more creditable.
Though concerns have been expressed about growing protectionist tendencies in some countries but it remains to be seen as to how the situation unfolds.
Some of the factors could have dampening effect on GDP growth in the coming year viz. the possibility of an increase in crude oil prices in the international market.
However, with world growth likely to witness moderate improvement in 2018, expectation of greater stability in GST, likely recovery in investment levels, and ongoing structural reforms, among others, should be supporting higher growth.
On balance, country‘s economic performance should witness an improvement in 2018-19, the Economic Survey 2017-28 say.
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