Inferiority complex is not only a psychological curse but is a dangerous overall social/national disorder as well. Anyone suffering from it behaves in strange, bizarre and unpredictable manner. On individual level some sufferers change their style of living if possible, and even try to change their identity as well such as using a different surname. Some start claiming to be the heirs of great and highly regarded dynasties and famous persons. Some being paupers in fact, pretend to be wealthy without giving a serious thought that their lies will not hold for much long. Some coming from a very lowly background and being aware of the fact, but afflicted with this ailment, if by chance of some good luck have managed to achieve some status/material wealth in the society go as far as introducing their uneducated parents or brethren as their servants. But a collective inferiority complex of a group of people produces a coterie of senseless and mentally imbalanced people the living examples of which are the saffron fanatics of India today.
In a recent NDTV programme of ‘Big Fight’ a ‘thinker’ of RSS claimed, much to the utter amusement of the audience, that not only Taj Mahal and Red Fort were built by Hindu kings but even the famous Jama Masjid of Delhi is in fact a ‘Yamnuna Temple’. Just as a mentally deranged person does not feel embarrassed in introducing his parents as servants, the ‘thinker’ in question kept making comical claims one after the other and making the audience burst into laughter. The programme host, a well-known journalist, Vikram Chandra too could not control his laughter and held his head down with both hands saying ‘Oh My God’.
In this regard one may keep in mind a much satired and a lowly and timid animal known as the jackal for having an inferiority complex due to its heritage, surging as a superiority complex. The narration of some literary jokes about it will make the issue much easier to understand.
Jackals live in herds in holes dug away from human population. They come out at night in herds in search of food. Being naturally timid they prey on small animals like rodents or feed upon the corpses of dead animals or survive on crops of grain or fruits sowed by the farmers. The herd is led by a senior jackal who, after brief intervals howls in high pitch and is responded to in a joint howling in unison by other jackals. Those from north India having lived in small towns near lowlands or jungles would understand it better. In Persian literature this march of jackals is used in a sarcastic manner for poor and lowly people. This situation of a large number of other jackals following him makes the senior jackal leading the herd, feel a sense of superiority complex. So intoxicated by a feeling of grandeur he howls: ‘My father was a king’. In response to this the rest of the herd howls back: ‘There is no doubt’, ‘there is no doubt’.
However, if the readers are shocked at the claims made by the RSS’ ‘thinker’ they should then hold their breath. They should go through these masterpieces of research by the saffron historians:
‘Ancient Italy was a Hindu country and the Pope, was a Hindu priest.’
‘English is a dialect of Sanskrit.’
Ancient England too was ‘a Hindu country.’
‘The term Christmas is actually Krishna-mas, i.e. the month of Krishna, the Hindu incarnation at the time of the Maha Bharata era. The word “mas” in Sanskrit means “month”.
‘Westminster Abbey in London that all over the world is known as a church, and a venue where English monarchs are crowned and where in its outside cemetry Englishmen of distinction are buried, but according to the RSS historian’s research but unknown to the British public Westminster Abbey is also a very ancient Shiva temple since it contains an ancient sacred Hindu stone emblem since 1296 A.D.
‘What is of further and even greater importance is that a sacred Hindu stone continues to be in a way Great Britain’s royal deity almost exactly as Lord Shiva has been the Hindu rulers’ deity in India since time immemorial.’
All these ‘original’ findings were neatly researched and put together as long ago as 1973 by ‘Prof. Amarnath, Member of Institute for Rewriting Indian History’, Delhi in his seminal title, ‘Some missing chapters of world history’ ltihas Shodh Sansthan (History of the pure and Chaste Land) – Organisation for Purifying History, Mehrauli, New Delhi-30).
It is not the first time that a Hindutva scholar has made such a bizarre claim on Indian television. Before him another RSS scholar and Delhi University Professor Rakesh Sinha had made similar claim and had asked if the Muslim rulers were so technologically advanced how is it that did not make similar buildings in the countries they came from. Would someone ask the learned professor which Hindu architecture looks like the Taj Mahal or other Muslim monuments? Interesting thing is that the saffron brigade remain divided on whether to reject these Muslim monuments as unrepresentative of what they call Indian culture or appropriate them as Hindu monuments.
Migration of people from one country to another has been impacting and enriching the cultures of all societies all over the world for centuries. Nowhere is the richness of cross cultural pollination as visible as it is in India. From languages, dialects, food and dress to architecture, it reflects in almost every walk of life. This cross-cultural pollination has given India a rare cultural richness and rare architecture. Take for example the languages. So deep is the impact of languages upon each other that despite saffron brigade’s hatred against anything that has to do with Muslims, they can’t help utter Urdu words like, for example, the notorious, ‘Jumla’ spoken by BJP’s president Amit Shah or ‘NojawanoN’ spoken by Narendra Modi. Even the kurta pajama donned by the Prime Minister with great fondness is the product of cross cultural pollination. If you talk of food, Kebab and Pullaow, or Kebab and Pilau is found almost everywhere in the Muslim world. But the delicious Biryani, kababs, nihari and other mouthwatering dishes in India are the products of the marriage between Indian, central Asian, Turkish and Iranian cultures.
In order to see the impact of it you do not need to travel to Iran, Afghanistan or central Asia. Just search ‘Indo Iranian architecture’ in google and you will be surprised to see the striking similarities between Muslim monuments in India and the mosques and tombs in Iran, Afghanistan and central Asia.
Obviously Indian builders/architects were also employed in the construction of Muslim monuments in India and the impact of Indian architecture on these buildings was inevitable. Using this reflection of Indian touch in these buildings Hindutva elements are trying to prove that these monuments were originally either the palaces of Hindu kings or Hindu temples appropriated by Muslims.
The founder of this crude joke with Indian history was a Purushottam Nagesh Oak, commonly known as P. N. Oak. In 1975 he told senior journalist and author Mihir Bose that in November 1941 he had joined the Indian Army and was posted to Singapore eight days before Japan attacked. He then got involved in Subhas Bose’s efforts, with Japanese help, to free India, and became ADC to Major General J K Bhonsle of the Indian National Army. Bose says that British archives show that Bhonsle, who had defected from the British Army, was in fact a British spy. But at the time of the interview these documents and this information was not available so he could not grill Oak on this issue. Oak later briefly worked with Hindustan Times and The Statesman as a reporter and also as a government publicist for the Five-Year Plans but was suddenly sacked. At this juncture United States Information Service came to his help and appointed him as an editor at United States Information Service where he regularly sent telegrams back to Washington about what was being said in the Indian press. (From Midnight to Glorious Morning?: India Since Independence, Publisher: Haus Publishing Limited).
According to Bose, Oak wrote under different names all pseudonyms vigorously praising each other. ‘After I had bought the book’, says Bose, ‘Oak wrote on the title page, next to on the title page, next to Hansraj Bhatia’s name, alias “P N Oak”. Then crossing out Bhatia’s description of himself as a “member of Institute for Rewriting Indian History.” Oak wrote “President…” in another book he was Professor Amarnath who like Bhatia praised Oak and claimed to have been “an engrossed listener of many of his lectures”. This book, Some Missing Chapters of World History, which sought to prove that Hindus too had a world empire, was his seminal work.’”
For a long time in academic circles Oak’s nonsense continued to be treated as a joke and was looked upon with scorn; yet, says Bose, ‘…even respected Indian newspapers had not binned his books, but actually reviewed it on their literary pages. Oak even spoke at the Indian History Conference, and for many people in India he remains the true historian.’
However, with the Sanghis having been successful in installing themselves on important posts during the Janata coalition, they made sure that Oak’s nonsense gained recognition and respectability. And for this the Principal Secretary of Prime Minister Morarji Desai, in 1977, wrote a note to the Education Minister criticising certain books for what he called ‘defaming’ Indian history. According to Bose, ‘The note was widely believed to have been inspired by Oak.’
The Janata Party government lasted only two years yet during this period the Sanghis managed to sow the seeds of sectarian hatred with such a great success that the thorny and poisonous bushes have spread all over the country. But in their second reincarnation as the BJP, as soon as they came to power in 2014 they started displaying their fascism more vigorously in a variety of manners. While the foot soldiers engaged in mob lynching and sectarian riots, the so-called ‘intellectuals’ concentrated on ‘academic’ work. In 2016 the Minister of Culture formed a committee the purpose of which was described as a,‘Holistic Study of Origin and Evolution of Indian Cultures since 12,000 Years before present and its Interface with other Cultures of the World.’
According to a report by Reuters news agency, ‘The government of Hindu nationalist Prime Minister Narendra Modi had quietly appointed the committee of scholars about six months earlier…Minutes of the meeting, reviewed by Reuters, and interviews with committee members set out its aims: to use evidence such as archaeological finds and DNA to prove that today’s Hindus are directly descended from the land’s first inhabitants many thousands of years ago, and make the case that ancient Hindu scriptures are in fact not myth.’
The report adds, ‘Interviews with members of the 14-person committee and ministers in Modi’s government suggest the ambitions of Hindu nationalists to extend beyond holding political power in this nation of 1.3 billion people – a kaleidoscope of religions. They want ultimately to shape the national identity to match their religious views, that India is a nation of and for Hindus.’
Superiority complex is actually a reflex form of inferiority complex and an individual or a group of people suffering from both of these pose a great danger not only for those who are around them but to the whole community and in our case the whole country. The bizarre and ridiculous claims and actions of Hindutvaites are the results of these two dangerous psychological disorders. Let’s wait and see what lies ahead.
However, one wonders what to make of Prime Minister Modi’s speech in the presence of King of Jordan at Vigayan Bhawan and the presence of Islamic scholars there who praised him for his speech.
[Urdu version of this article appeared in Jadid Khabar, Mukaalma and other publications. Translated in English by Urdu Media Monitor.]
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