Exploring Ramadan Part V
'Confine to the mosque to become closer to Allah':
I'tikaf is of two types: Sunnah and
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for judicial probe into Batla House encounter:
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Partition Puzzle: Role of British
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Malegaonian represents India at International
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Zafar Shaikh-Making Possible The Impossible:
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for the Night of Qadr in the last ten nights of Ramadan'
14, 2009 11:42:37 PM,
Exploring Ramadan Part VI
Fasting is prescribed so that you may learn self-restraint: The
new moon over the horizon manifested the beginning of Ramadan, the
holy month in Islamic calendar believed to be having some of the
Fasting time continues all around the
Muslim world and men, women and children alike, while fasting, are
praying for the well being of the mankind and the global peace. At
the same time everyone is also busy with their routine works.
While every moment of this holy month
is precious, no night during the year can match the one very special
night that comes during the last ten days of this holy month every
Ramadan. It is this night that makes the last ten days of Ramadan
Praying in this night, according to
the holy sources, is equivalent to praying in thousand nights. As
the Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) said:
"Whoever fasted the month of
Ramadan out of sincere Faith (i.e. belief) and hoping for a reward
from Allah, then all his past sins will be forgiven, and whoever
stood for the prayers in the night of Qadr out of sincere Faith and
hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be
(Sahih Bukhari, Narrated
by Abu Huraira)
The night of qadr is the most virtuous
night of the year. Allah says in the Qur'an: "We revealed it on the
night of power [that is, qadr]. What will tell you what the night of
power is? It is better than a thousand months." Any action therein,
for example, reciting the Qur'an, making remembrance of Allah, and
so on, is better than acting for one thousand months which do not
contain the night of qadr.
Because this is not specifically
stated which of these nights is the Lailat-ul-Qadr,
for catching this night, some people do the Itekaf that means
they confine themselves to the mosque during these ten days, stay up
and pray during the whole of these nights. As Abu Said, one of the
companions has narrated:
"We practiced Itikaf with Allah's
Apostle in the middle ten days (of Ramadan). In the morning of the
twentieth (of Ramadan) we shifted our baggage, but Allah's Apostle
came to us and said, "Whoever was in Itikaf should return to his
place of Itikaf, for I saw (i.e. was informed about the date of)
this Night (of Qadr) and saw myself prostrating in mud and water."
When I returned to my place the sky was overcast with clouds and it
rained. By Him Who sent Muhammad with the Truth, the sky was covered
with clouds from the end of that day, and the mosque which was
roofed with leafstalks of date palm trees (leaked with rain) and I
saw the trace of mud and water over the nose of the Prophet and its
( Sahih Al Bukhari)
At another place, the prophet (peace
and blessings be upon him) has said:
"Look for the Night of Qadr in the
last ten nights of Ramadan" on the night when nine or seven or five
nights remain out of the last ten nights of Ramadan (i.e.21, 23, 25,
(Sahih Bukhari, Narrated
by Ibn Abbas)
At yet another place, it is narrated:
Once I went to Abu- Sa'id Al-Khudri
and asked him, "Won't you come with us to the date-palm trees to
have a talk?" So Abu Said went out and I asked him, "Tell me what
you heard from the Prophet about the Night of Qadr." Abu Said
replied, "Once Allah's Apostle performed Itikaf (seclusion) on the
first ten days of the month of Ramadan and we did the same with him.
Gabriel came to him and said, 'The night you are looking for is
ahead of you.' So the Prophet performed the Itikaf in the middle
(second) ten days of the month of Ramadan and we too performed
Itikaf with him. Gabriel came to him and said, 'The night which you
are looking for is ahead of you.' In the morning of the 20th of
Ramadan the Prophet delivered a sermon saying, 'Whoever has
performed Itikaf with me should continue it. I have been shown the
Night of "Qadr", but have forgotten its date, but it is in the odd
nights of the last ten nights. I saw in my dream that I was
prostrating in mud and water.'
Narrated by Abu Salama)
Al-Bukhari and Muslim further record
from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said:
"Whoever prays during the night of
qadr with faith and hoping for its reward will have all of his
previous sins forgiven."
As to the supplication during the
night of qadr, 'Aishah said:
"I asked the Messenger of Allah: 'O
Messenger of Allah, if I know what night is the night of qadr, what
should I say during it?' He said: 'Say: O Allah, You are pardoning
and You love to pardon, so pardon me.'"
(Related by Ahmad, Ibn
Majah, and by atTirmidhi, who called it sahih.)
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