Mumbai: Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Monday rang the symbolic opening bell to mark the merger of two markets watchdogs -- the Forward Markets Commission for commodity futures with the Securities and Exchange Board of India -- at a function here.
While the commodities futures regulator was set up in 1953, the stock and debt markets regulator was set up in 1988 as a non-statutory body and later became an autonomous and fully-independent institution in 1992.
"This merger indicates how the size of our markets have grown and how India has now become more aspirational," Jaitley said at the function at the Trident hotel here. "It also reflects how sectoral challenges have changed."
The finance minister said India has to continue to change, evolve and reform since the world today was looking at it differently, with much expectation.
"Our nation is no longer satisfied with 6-8 percent band of growth.
"Market participants and regulators have to brace themselves to face the challenges thrown by global developments and integration of markets," he said.
SEBI chairman U.K. Sinha said the priority post merger would be to develop trust in India's commodities market. "All steps will be taken to develop the market," he said.
Jaitley had indicated an early merger of the watchdogs in his budget speech earlier this year, with aim of reducing "wild speculations". An enabling legislation, amending the Government Securities Act and the RBI Act is proposed in the Finance Bill, 2015, he said.
The merger on Monday is the result of the suggestions made in May 2003 by the Inter-Ministerial Task Force on Convergence of Securities and Commodity Derivatives Markets, chaired by bureaucrat Wajahat Habibullah.
The task force had noted that even though there are some differences in commodity and financial derivatives markets, "they have close resemblance in so far as trade practices and mechanism are concerned".
"If derivatives in commodities resemble securities, then the developmental challenge of obtaining sound institutions for trading commodity derivatives can be eased by using the stable and mature institutions that are found in the securities markets.
"If the institutions of the securities markets are used, this would speed up the pace at which modern market institutions become available to farmers, and accelerate the growth rate of the agricultural sector," it said.
Other benefits outlined for merger include: Economies of scale and scope, the possibility of strengthening the commodity spot market, better serving of stakeholders, strengthening the price discovery for farmers and desirable impact on the informal market.
The finance minister said on Monday: "It would be a challenge for SEBI because this is an additional responsibility, but SEBI has matured over the last two decades to take on such responsibilities."
SEBI member Rajeev Kumar Agarwal, who would oversee the commodities market regulation in the new entity under the overall guidance of the chairman, said that a well-developed regulated market will help discover the best price.
He also said SEBI will "spare no efforts" to build robust commodity markets and it will also try to make the Indian stakeholders in the commodity space "price-makers" as against "price-takers".