More on Ummid: International l National Regional l Politics Sports Religion l History l Culture l Education

November 11: Azad Day Special


Raj Babbar wins Ferozabad parliamentary seat

Hit by global economic crunch, Muslims seek economic unity

Raj-Azmi rivalry goes a long way

Germany celebrates fall of Berlin Wall

Petition in HC to withdraw terms ‘love jihad’ and ‘romeo jihad’

RR Patil back as Home Minister

Campus Front of India launched, to strive for social change

Hemant Karkare wanted to quit IPS, says wife

No bar on Haj over swine flu fears


First Muslim lady in the cabinet as new Govt. takes shape in Maharashtra: The new government in Maharashtra headed by Ashok Chavan as Chief.... Read Full

Congress, latest victim of The Malegaon Blast

How Malegaon became first to announce the election results

Meet The Muslim Thackerays and Muslim Togadias: Along with a vast majority of people in his constituency, we too had enormous faith in Abu... Read Full

Report on Israeli war crimes to go to UN security council


First Muslim lady in the cabinet as new Govt. takes shape in Maharashtra: The new government in Maharashtra headed by Ashok Chavan as Chief Minister has Fauzia Khan, a Muslim lady..... Read Full

Lamb Allies with Wolf! Kerala Christian Group and VHP join Hands against illusory Love Jihad: At a point of time there was a slogan by RSS combine, Pehle Kasai ... Read Full

Thanks to Bihar Govt., AMU Centre "lands' in row: While the process of land acquisition for four other centers of Aligarh Muslim  University has set in motion, in Bihar the whole exercise has got mired in controversy. And the credit for giving birth to this .... Read Full

Sarfaraz does a Tendulkar, wants to fulfill father's dream: Two decades ago Sachin Tendulkar used the Mumbai schools tournament to announce he was good enough to play for India, and now 12-year-old Sarfaraz ..... Read Full


More on ummid


Witness claims Modi abused Jafri when he called for help: A key witness in the Gulbarg massacre case has told a special court that chief minister Narendra Modi had abused former MP Ehsan Jafri when he called him for.... Read Full

Letter from Gaza: Captives - What really happened during the Israeli attacks?: In southwest Israel, at the border of Egypt and the Gaza Strip, there is a small crossing station not far from a kibbutz named Kerem Shalom.... Read Full

Indian engineer builds glaciers to stop warming: A retired Indian engineer, Chewang Norphel, 76, has built 12 new glaciers already and is racing to create five more before he dies, and by then he hopes to train enough new 'icemen' to continue ... Read Full

Micro-financing to end women exploitation, eliminate poverty: "During a survey we found these women skilled, ambitious, honest and very hardworking. Still, just because they did not have resources... Read Full



The Man Bent on Exposing the Truth: Son of a Mughal descendent, Shamsuddin Agha in 1962 was teaching English language and Calssical Persian at VS Patel College in...Read Full

A Ten Year Plan For the Total Education of Indian Muslims: Urging the audience that instead of depending on the government or anyone, they should effectively utilize whatever resources they have, Kapdi said, “We are... Read Full

All Hardship for

A Durable Peace: Nothing is more important today than a better coordination among the South Asian countries and a durable peace between India and Pakistan. There are many people who are working overnights....Read Full

Sonia, Azad, Chavan admit there exists Pain in Malegaon: After the bureaucracy, on June 30, it was the turn of the top political leaderships, of the country as well as of the state, to acknowledge, the trauma people of Malegaon ....Read Full



Azad's efforts in shaping the Indian Education Policy

Tuesday, November 10, 2009 07:23:53 PM, Team

Audio: Maulana Azad's historic address to the Indian Muslims from Jama Masjid after the partition

Maulana Azad as Freedom Fighter: It is significant that all these moves and various political activities of Azad were initiated before the emergence of Gandhiji on the political horizon. Advent of Gandhiji into the National Movement and Azad's meeting with him had crucial bearing on the future course of the...Click for Full

Maulana Azad as distinguished writer: Azad started writing poems and literary and political articles for Urdu Newspapers and journals at a very early age. He launched his Urdu weekly Al-Hilal on June, 1912 when he was only 24....Click for Full

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Preacher of Peace and Harmony: Azad was opposed to the partition of the country on the basis of the religion and believed the partition would create more problems than solving. His devotion to Indian National Movements was the result of the new...Click for Full

Maulana Azad held a position unique in several ways. He was emotionally and intellectually close to both — Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru. He was closely associated with crucial decision making since the twenties. With the dawn of freedom in 1947, his was a natural choice to be in the Cabinet- He was the Minister of Education during 1947-52, and Minister of Education, Natural Resources and Scientific Research from 1952-58. His influence on the process of policy making was immense. He was Nehru's, comrade-in-arms during the days of the freedom movement and was-one of his closest confidante and adviser in the Cabinet.


Maulana Azad was a great educationist too. His standing as an outstanding scholar of Oriental learning was demonstrated in moulding the educational system of the country in the immediate post-independence years. It was he who established the University Grants Commission and launched the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) which has now come up to play a significant role in the academic growth of the country. The three Academies- Sahitya Academy, Lalit Kala Academy and SangeetNatak Academy— topromote art, music and literature were his ideas. He assisted Pandit Nehru in setting up the Indian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and many a chain of Science Laboratories in India.


As the Minister for Education he insisted that both the Union and the States must share responsibility in promotion of education. He appointed the University Education Commission in 1948 and Secondary Education Commission in 1952. Between 1947 and 1958, on his initiative the budgetary allocation for Education was raised fifteen fold.


A leader is defined as a person who knows the way, who shows the way and who goes the way, Azad was one of those who went the way carrying his people with him and thus obtained a legendary fame in his lifetime itself, a feat earned by only a few statesmen. At a time when it was in the understanding of most Muslims of India that it is an offence against religion to be both a nationalist and a Muslim, Maulana Azad showed us how one could be both at one and the same time. His greatest contribution perhaps lies in the fact that he was chief instrumental in converting a passive and sometimes collaborationist section of the Indian society to become a very active and vocal opponent of the British Raj.


Any realist assessment of Maulana Azad's contribution to Modern India will not be complete unless we look into the manner in which he reached out to his co-religionists during the freedom movement and after the advent of freedom and persuaded them to play a constructive role in shaping the destiny of the newly liberated State. It is here that the relevance of his religious philosophy, his standing as an inspiring writer and scholar and the philosophical basis of his nationalist outlook come.


Azad's writings reflect a synthesis of his political nationalist philosophy and his religious philosophy based on secularism. Though they are saturated with a religious fervor it is easy to discern the secular message from between the lines. He wanted discern the secular message from between the lines. He wanted to act as scholar dissemination ideas through the instrumentality of his writings, among the Muslim religious teachers whom he regarded as natural leaders. He thought that it was the educated class that ought to be educated first so that they could influence the behavior of the general public.


Maulan Azad was a patriot, a leader, a philosopher-statesman and a great scholar. By a profound learning and “luminous intelligence" he did a real good job for Islam, by clearing it of the dust of prejudice and bigotry which had gathered up on it during the eleven hundred years of its history in India. He was a rightful inheritor of all the thought movements of the past. In the unfolding of his intellectual life and in the evolution of his thought, we find staged the whole history of Islamic thought. He was one of the very few acquainted with the philosophies of India and had deep insight into the various religions of the world and could isolate the real and essential from the spurious.


Reminding of Azad's unique intellectual achievements, Pandit Nehru said, “…..He was great in many ways. He combined in himself the greatness of the past with the greatness of the present. He always reminded me of the great men of several hundred years ago about whom I have read in history, the great men of the Renaissance, or in a later period the encyclopaedists who proceeded the French Revolution, men of intellect and men of action. He remembered also of what might be called the great quality of olden days - the graciousness which we sadly seek in the world today….It was the strange and unique of the good qualities of the past, the graciousness, the deep learning and toleration and the urges of today which made Maulan Azad what he was.”




Taken from the excellent article on Maulana Azad

written by Subhash Kashyab






  Bookmark and Share

Home | Top of the Page

  Comment on this article


E-mail Address:

Write here...







 Home | Contact Us | Disclaimer | Terms of Use | About Us | Feedback

Ummid Business: Advertise with us | Careers | Link Exchange is part of Awaz Multimedia & Publications providing World News, News Analysis and Feature Articles on Education, Health. Politics, Technology, Sports, Entertainment, Industry etc. The articles or the views displayed on this website are for public information and in no way describe the editorial views. The users are entitled to use this site subject to the terms and condition mentioned.