New Delhi: Over 50
percent of patients enrolled in the government health insurance
scheme - Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)- had to spend from
their own pockets at the time of admission, says a WHO-supported
"It is unacceptable that even after four years of the scheme, more
than 50 percent of enrolled patients had to incur out-of-pocket
(OOP) expenditure at the time of admission," said N. Devadasan,
principal investigator of the study by the Bangalore-based
Institute of Public Health (IPH).
According to the study, the objective of RSBY to provide free
hospitalisation to poor people is only being met partially. The
scheme would become a major fiasco, it said, if insurance
companies continue to undermine it.
The IPH study, carried out with the help of WHO's Alliance for
Health Policy and System Research, Geneva, surveyed a total of
2,920 families across more than 500 villages of Gujarat's Patan
district, which had enrolled in the RSBY during 2010-2011.
It found that of the 526 admissions, only 227 patients (43
percent) did not have to spend any money at the time of the
admission. "The rest of the patients incurred out-of-pocket (OOP)
expenditure ranging from Rs.10 to Rs.1,50,000. The average OOP
expenditure was Rs.10,692 per patient."
"Further, 188 patients (36 percent of all patients) had a RSBY
card but still had to pay at the time of admission. This was
because most of them (122) were asked by the hospitals to purchase
medicines from outside," the IPH said in a release.
"This is against the contract that the hospital has signed with
the insurance company and thereby with the scheme," said Devadasan.
A major reason for the RSBY's malfunctioning, the study found is
lack of governance by insurance companies.
"It is time for the state nodal agencies to take notice of this
problem and immediately take corrective action against the
insurance companies and the private providers," the investigators