Thiruvananthapuram: Kerala, which stands out from the rest of India with 94 percent
literacy rate, has achieved another distinction of having the
lowest dropout rate of school students in the country at just 0.53
The hilly district of Wayanad with a sizeable scheduled tribes
population had the highest overall dropout rate of more than one
percent, while in all the other 13 districts the rate was less
than 0.5 percent, shows an economic review report by the State
Planning Board (SPB) released here Thursday.
The latest report shows that currently there are 12,644 schools in
the state of which 4,620 are government-run, 7,161 are aided
schools and 863 are non-aided schools. The thickly populated
Muslim district of Malappuram with 1,427 schools had the most
number of schools in any district.
However, enrolment of students in the current fiscal decreased by
six percent over the previous year and touched 39.86 lakh. The SPB
report attributed this decline to the changes in the demographic
pattern owing to low birth rate in the state.
While the national birth rate figure stands at 22.1 per 1,000, in
Kerala it is 14.8 per 1,000.
The total number of teachers in schools dropped marginally from
1,68,062 in 2010-11 to 1,66,939 in 2011-12.
Another feature highlighted by the report that remained unchanged
in the state is that 71.5 percent of all the teachers are women.
The pass percentage of students in the higher secondary courses
was 88 percent in 2011-12, up from 82 percent in 2010-11.
With regard to facilities in schools, it was found that 99 percent
of the government schools have access to drinking water facility
and 99.7 percent have urinal/latrine facilities.
It has also been found that 162 government schools in the state do
not have their own building.
The fund allocation in the school education sector in the state
rose from Rs.189 crore during the 10th Plan period to Rs.712 crore
during the 11th plan, the report said.
In the state budget presented by Finance Minister K.M. Mani
Friday, he made a proposal to set aside Rs.581 crore for improving
the quality of school infrastructure, and academic and
The State Planning Board, however, cautioned that the state needs
to focus on second generation reforms to ensure that higher
education is attuned to the global employment opportunities and
not be complacent of the state's achievements.