Birmingham (England): Passengers on a train watched on as a helpless Muslim woman was showered in alcohol in a violent Islamophobic attack in Birmingham, The Birmingham Mail reported quoting some researchers.
The woman who had alcohol poured on her said: “People were watching but they ignored it. No-one wanted to help,”
The victim’s experience is one of many hate attacks on Muslims that were revealed in a study by Birmingham City University criminologist Imran Awan.
This incident and numerous other attacks on Muslims will be unveiled in a full report, in the British parliament. The report, the first of its kind, has been commissioned by Tell Mama an organization set up for the reporting of attacks against Muslims.
The study also revealed that many Muslims were reluctant to report incidents of abuse and often received little support from onlookers.
As a direct result of attacks, Muslim women have said they are removing their headscarves and men are shaving their beards in a bid to disguise their Islamic beliefs through fear of being targeted in religious hate attacks.
The study, which looked at attacks on Muslims both online and “in real life”, also uncovered evidence that men are especially unwilling to report attacks through fear of being seen as weak, World Bulletin reported.
Awan and Zempi revealed that Muslims were multiple and repeat victims of both online and offline forms of hate crime. Many Muslim women said they were now removing their headscarves and men were shaving their beards in an attempt to disguise their faith.
Awan said: “This research reveals worrying levels of fear and intimidation experienced by many Muslims, compounded by a lack of support from the wider public when facing physical threats in the real world and an absence of tough action from social media platforms at the abuse people are receiving online.
“Participants argued that anti-Muslim hate must be challenged from within Muslim communities – too often reluctant to report abuse or attacks – and that the public should intervene and assist victims of anti-Muslim hate where possible.”