Mumbai: A total lunar eclipse will occur on Friday July 27 with a duration of 1 hour 43 minutes, according to the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
The eclipse, which will be longest in this century, will start at 11:54 pm (Indian Standard Time) on Friday July 27. The Moon will be gradually covered by the Earth's shadow and the totality phase will begin at 1 am on July 28.
The total eclipse will last up to 2.43 hours. Then the Moon will start to gradually come out of Earth's shadow and partial eclipse will end at 3:49 am IST on July 28. Such long duration of total lunar eclipses had earlier occurred on July 16, 2000 for total duration of 1 hour 46 minutes and another one on June 15, 2011 for totality duration of 1 hour 40 minutes.
The eclipse will be visible in entire India. It will also be visible in the region covering Middle East, Australia, Asia, Russia but will not be visible in Africa, Europe, east of South America and Antarctica.
Professor Khalid al-Zaaq, a member in the Arab Union for Astronomy and Space Sciences, revealed on his social media accounts that on Friday July 27, Saudi Arabia will experience the longest lunar total eclipse since 83 years.
"The total lunar eclipse will last over 100 minutes and will be seen in the hemisphere at different levels, and in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf will be fully observed, occurring at 9:24 pm, and will ends at 1:19 am", Al-Zaaq said.
In this particular eclipse, the Moon will pass through the central part of the Earth's umbral shadow. Furthermore, the Moon will be at apogee, the farthest from the Earth in its orbit, on July 27 and will be moving at a slower speed in its orbit.
"A total lunar eclipse will occur on July 27-28 with a totality duration of 1 hour 43 minutes. The duration makes it the longest total lunar eclipse of this century (2001 AD to 2100 AD)," a statement by the MoES said.
Lunar eclipses occur when Earth's shadow blocks the sun's light, which otherwise reflects off the moon. There are three types, total, partial and penumbral, with the most dramatic being a total lunar eclipse, in which Earth's shadow completely covers the moon.
According to the Islamic principles eclipses, Solar or Lunar, are signs of Allah - the Almighty. They do not have any adverse effect or negative impact on health or pregnancy.
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