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Is India's healthcare system ready for COVID-19 surge expected after Lockdown Exit?

Health Experts are worried that the number of Coronavisrus patients will rise exponentially in the time to come

Sunday May 31, 2020 7:02 PM, Sfoorti Mishra, IANS

India's Health Care System

New Delhi: After remaining in lockdown for over two months, the people of India will proceed towards a normal life from Monday but with several terms and conditions. With this comes a time which will be highly sensitive for the country.

'Situation is going to worsen'

Experts say that the lockdown slowed the speed of the transmission of infection and bought some time for the health infrastructure to meet the challenge posed by the pandemic. However they are worried that the numbers will rise exponentially in the time to come.

Speaking to IANS a senior epidemiologist and Public Health Specialist, in a Delhi government hospital said on the condition of anonymity, "As we are moving towards unlocking the country, I can clearly see that the situation is going to worsen. There are various reasons to say that. In our country at least 22 per cent of the population lives below the poverty line. It's very difficult to expect them to use sanitisers and soaps and even water. Many of them cannot afford to do so."

"They also wear low quality masks which hardly save them from the disease but merely give them false sense of security. Secondly, not only uneducated but even educated people don't know how to wear a mask. They continue touching it from the front", the epidemiologist said.

'Community transmission is already here'

He also said that the people after getting some relaxation will become reluctant towards social distancing.

"People will try to meet their friends and relatives etc. in relaxation as they have kept distance for a very long time. But they should remember that the disease is still there. Third reason is that the upper middle class can afford a separate room for self isolation but there are thousands of people living in a single room where it is impossible to avert the transmission. We are already seeing community transmission", he said.

"Hospitals are preparing themselves but there are also loopholes. There should be a provision that the samples must be collected at the same place where the patient reported the disease. They send the infected persons from one centre to another, meanwhile the person infects others. They need to expedite the diagnosis procedure", he said.

'Shortage of beds most likely'

Dr Neha Gupta, Consultant, Infectious Disease at Fortis Memorial Research Institute in Gurugram told IANS that as the cases are increasing, there may be shortage of beds if all patients are admitted, therefore mild cases need to be managed at home quarantine.

"As community transmission is well established now and the cases are increasing - there may be a shortage of beds if all patients are admitted. Hence cases with mild symptoms can be managed at Home quarantine under the telemedicine guidance of a good physician or Infectious Diseases specialist with video consultation if the home facility permits", she said.

Moderate or severe cases with breathlessness or pneumonia or saturation decreasing to less than 94 percent, need hospitalisation in a dedicated COVID care centre or Heath centre or hospital. Now, home quarantine or hospitalisation based on the symptoms is becoming a part of the care.

Hospitals can admit patients only to a limit

On the preparation of the hospitals in the coming time, Dr Saurabh Sachar of the Safdarjung hospital told IANS that the hospital is preparing itself to receive more patients.

"As far as Safdarjang is concerned, we are trying to scale up the infrastructure. We are trying to increase beds in ICU and Corona wards. But every hospital has a set potential and can go up till that only, we are trying our best to increase our infrastructure which was there till May. Now every person needs to take care of their own health and ensure that they dont get infected", he said.

Home quarantine policy

The government has also come out with home quarantine policy so hospitalisation may be required for highly susceptible age group and where deterioration could be much faster or who are exhibiting more serious symptoms. Currently we have 70 ICU beds and 300 – 500 ward beds, now we are planning to make it at least 200 ICU beds and increasing ward beds. We are also getting more ventilators this week by the Ministry."

Dr Ritu Garg, Zonal Director of Fortis told IANS how the hospital is extra alert to avert the chances of infection.

"With the relaxation in the lockdown and reopening, there are chances of the cases in India to increase. We are following very strict extensive screening at the entrance of the hospital. Anyone with flu-like symptoms is isolated and taken to separate flu corner which is outside the main building", she said.

"At the entry point each visitor is checked for fever, cough and cold along with Aarogya setu app and if they are coming from the containment zone. The hospital has deployed indoor disinfectant robots for sanitizing the premises. Strict social distancing norms and hygiene are followed", she said.

Hospitals need more beds, ICUs

Dr. Saksham Mittal, Joint secretary of Federation of Resident Doctors Association (FORDA) told IANS that hospitals need more beds and ICUs to deal with the upcoming situation.

"RML and other covid dedicated hospitals are already dealing with this pandemic situation. They have a limited number of beds and ICU which are being used to their maximum capacity. So if the number of patients increases as the lockdown eases, we require more number of beds and ICUs which the government claims they are prepared for", Dr Mittal said.

If at all the demand arises, I think RML or any other central government hospital may be converted to a covid dedicated hospital as a whole", Dr Mittal said.

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