An ethnic Tajik, Bruhanuddin Rabbani, who was assassinated
Tuesday, was a former Mujahideen leader and played a key role to
end the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan.
Born in 1940 in northern Afghanistan, Rabbani was president of
Afghanistan from 1992 to 1996, when the Taliban ousted him.
He then became the nominal head of the Northern Alliance,
comprising mostly the minority Tajiks and Uzbeks who took power
after the Taliban's ouster by the US in 2001.
All through its existence, the Northern Alliance's three main
backers were Russia, Iran and India.
The head of the Jamiat-e Islami Afghanistan party, Rabbani was
lately the leader of the largest political opposition to President
Hamid Karzai's government.
He was also chairman of Afghan High Peace Council set up by the
government to broker peace with the Taliban.
Rabbani graduated in Islamic Law and Theology from Kabul
University, where he was hired as a professor in 1963. He did his
Masters in Islamic Philosophy from Egypt.